为什么特朗普与中国的TikTok之战值得一战

by 神秘人 at 2020-08-05

James Carafano: Why Trump's TikTok battle with China is worth fighting The back and forth between Trump and China is not a game of cat and mouse. This is eagle versus dragon.

詹姆斯·卡拉法诺(James Carafano):特朗普与中国的TikTok之战为何值得一战 特朗普与中国之间的来回往来不是猫捉老鼠的游戏。 这是鹰与龙。

The back and forth between Trump and China is not a game of cat and mouse. This is eagle versus dragon. The scratching and clawing over TikTok, a popular video-sharing social networking service, owned by a Chinese-based internet technology company, seem silly to some. But make no mistake: this is an important battle in the struggle between these great powers.

Let’s start with why TikTok matters. A lot of Americans have recently awakened to the dangers the Chinese Communist Party poses to our future peace and security, particularly the dangers it poses online.

For decades, the Chinese Communist Party not only sanctioned but directed a vast hacking enterprise. Its mission: economic espionage. In the last half decade, those efforts have evolved significantly. The regime has disciplined, reorganized and expanded the reach of its cyber-hacking operations.

NUNES WARNS CHINA COULD USE TIKTOK 'TO RUN A PROPAGANDA OPERATION' TO INFLUENCE UPCOMING ELECTION: 'VERY, VERY DISTURBING'

For starters, economic espionage appears to have declined. That’s because the Chinese have become fully competitive — in some cases, even global leaders — in areas such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing. They no longer need to steal to get a leg up in these disciplines.

The Chinese have also shifted tactics, moving from cyber-spying to less obviously intrusive methods, such as human intelligence to gather information that might make the regime more competitive. Recently, we’ve seen several arrests of academics charged with passing the work of U.S. research universities to their paymasters in Beijing.

That’s not to say there is still not a lot of cyber-targeting aimed at the United States. There is.

More from Opinion Gordon Chang: US-China relations — 4 reasons to scale back diplomatic facilities in both countries Daniel Hoffman: China's spying — US intel community needs to keep up pressure Kelvin Droegemeier: Chinese theft and subversion threaten US scientific research, health and national security But, increasingly, China is going for quantity rather than quality of information capture. Put simply, they are hoovering up every bit of information they can, with the notion that eventually it will develop the means to analyze and operationalize all that data — encrypted or not — for their own means.

This strategy was the reason the administration was so concerned about Huawei and ZTE, two Chinese telecom giants bidding to build the 5G infrastructure for countries around the globe. If they were allowed to build those systems, they would have been data conveyor belts that delivered all the information they carried not just to system users but to the headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party.

TikTok poses similar concerns. The globally popular social network platform can be a gateway for channeling information back to Beijing. This is not just another Facebook. ByteDance, the company that currently owns TikTok, is answerable to the Chinese Communist Party. By Chinese law, it must deliver them any information the company has access to.

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The U.S. doesn’t have to pay close attention to every Chinese company on the internet, but the government does have to deal with Chinese entities that would have such broad and unfettered access (a practice by the way that the Chinese Communist Party would never permit any foreign company to do in China) to the information of U.S. citizens.

Recently, the administration threatened to ban the TikTok app in the U.S. As an alternative, Microsoft and at least one other bidder — a venture capital consortium — came forward and offered to buy TikTok. The move certainly makes sense for Microsoft. It doesn’t own a major social networking platform and it has the money to implement security reforms that would mitigate the threats posed by China. Moreover, it would actually make the U.S. social networking space more competitive.

Beijing, of course, is not happy about that prospect. It is characterizing the potential purchase of TikTok operations in the U.S. as 'theft.' It isn’t. And, coming from a regime notorious for actual intellectual property theft, the characterization is laughable.

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What is encouraging about the U.S. response to the TikTok threat is that it is not static. Rather than looking to fight the last battle, the administration is dealing with the tactics China is employing today and picking fights that America can win — and fights that matter. This is an approach the U.S. needs to stick with for the long term.

However, we certainly can’t expect Beijing to just stand there and take it. Even if the U.S. counters Huawei and TikTok, China will keep looking for other ways to suck information from the free world. The Chinese won’t stop looking for every competitive advantage it can muster and every opportunity to advance their interests through pressure, intimidation, spying, propaganda and subterfuge.

特朗普与中国之间的来回往来不是猫捉老鼠的游戏。这是鹰与龙。对一家中国互联网技术公司拥有的流行视频共享社交网络服务TikTok的抓挠和争夺对某些人来说似乎很愚蠢。但是请不要误会:这是这些大国之间斗争中的重要战役。

让我们从TikTok重要的原因开始。最近,许多美国人已经意识到中国共产党对我们未来的和平与安全所构成的危险,特别是它在网络上构成的危险。

几十年来,中国共产党不仅批准而且指导了一个庞大的黑客企业。它的任务是:从事经济间谍活动。在过去的五年中,这些努力取得了长足的发展。该政权已经规范,重组和扩大了其网络黑客行动的范围。

NUNES警告中国可能使用TIKTOK“进行宣传活动”来影响即将到来的选举:“非常非常麻烦”

首先,经济间谍活动似乎有所减少。这是因为中国人在人工智能和量子计算等领域已经完全具有竞争力,甚至在某些情况下甚至已经成为全球领导者。他们不再需要偷偷摸摸地掌握这些学科。

中国人还改变了策略,从网络间谍转移到不太明显的侵入性方法,例如人类情报,以收集可能使该政权更具竞争力的信息。最近,我们发现有几名学者被捕,他们被指控将美国研究型大学的工作转交给其在北京的薪酬主管。

这并不是说针对美国的网络定位仍然不多。有。

来自Opinion的更多内容 张家口:美中关系-缩减两国外交设施的4个理由 Daniel Hoffman:中国的间谍活动-美国情报界需要保持压力 开尔文·德罗格迈尔(Kelvin Droegemeier):中国的盗窃和颠覆威胁美国的科学研究,健康和国家安全 但是,越来越多的中国正在追求信息捕获的数量而不是质量。简而言之,他们正在徘徊所有可能的信息,并认为最终它将开发出以自己的方式来分析和操作所有数据(无论是否加密)的手段。

该策略是美国政府如此关注华为和中兴的原因,这两家中国电信巨头正在竞标为全球国家构建5G基础设施。如果允许他们建立这些系统,那将是数据传送带,它们不仅将传送的所有信息传递给系统用户,而且还传递给中共总部。

TikTok提出了类似的担忧。全球流行的社交网络平台可以成为将信息引导回北京的网关。这不仅仅是另一个Facebook。目前拥有TikTok的公司ByteDance向中国共产党负责。根据中国法律,它必须向他们提供公司可访问的任何信息。

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美国并不需要密切关注互联网上的每家中国公司,但是政府必须与拥有如此广泛而不受限制的访问权的中国实体打交道(这种做法是中共永远不允许的。在中国做的任何外国公司),以向美国公民提供信息。

最近,政府威胁要在美国禁止使用TikTok应用程序。作为替代方案,微软和至少一个其他竞标者(一家风险投资财团)挺身而出,提出收购TikTok。对于微软来说,此举无疑是有意义的。它没有主要的社交网络平台,并且有足够的资金来实施安全性改革,以减轻中国带来的威胁。而且,这实际上将使美国社交网络空间更具竞争力。

当然,北京对此前景并不满意。它把潜在的在美国购买TikTok业务的行为称为“盗窃”。不是。而且,来自一个因实际盗用知识产权而臭名昭著的政权,其特征令人可笑。

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美国对TikTok威胁的反应令人鼓舞的是它不是一成不变的。美国政府不是在寻求最后一场战斗,而是在处理中国今天所采用的策略,并选择美国可以赢得的战斗,并与之战斗。这是美国长期需要坚持的做法。

但是,我们当然不能指望北京能站在那里接受它。即使美国反对华为和TikTok,中国也将继续寻找其他从自由世界吸收信息的方法。中国人将不停地寻找可以激发的一切竞争优势,以及通过压力,恐吓,暗中监视,宣传和狡猾来提高自己的利益的一切机会。